Daffodils belong to the genus Narcissus, the botanic name of the mainly hardy, spring flowering bulbs belonging to the Amaryllis family.
Picture courtesy of Orkakorak.
Daffodils come in many different colours including white, cream, pink, orange and yellow, and are available in a variety of shapes ranging from single petals to large trumpets with double petals, so the first thing you need to do is choose your bulbs.
Examine the bulbs carefully before you buy them, to ensure that they are firm and look fresh, as bulbs that are soft and old may be of low quality may not germinate.
To allow time for your daffodils to develop roots and prepare for winter, you need to plant the bulbs about three times deeper than the size of the bulb itself around 4 weeks before the ground freezes. Plant the bulbs a few inches apart and where possible plant them in the shade as they are traditionally a woodland flower.
Put the bulbs into the hole that you have dug pointy end up, and bury the bulbs with a combination of soil and compost. This gives the daffodils an added energy boost to help them develop roots and also regulates the moisture surrounding the plants. It can also be helpful to cover the flower bed with a few inches of grass clippings, mulch or straw to discourage weeds from growing in between the plants.
The daffodils will bloom around March time and you will be able to enjoy their sunny faces throughout the whole of spring. If you fertilise the plants well after they have finished blooming then this will encourage the bulbs to multiply and roots to grow in preparation for the next year.
Visit us here at The Secret Gardens of Sandwich during Daffodil week to see over 10,000 flowers in bloom.